| Voice of Subroto Bhattacharya
The quality of education provided in the government schools is
There is high drop out rates among children after primary education.
People face lot of challenges related to health.
Women get married early and they lack awareness about reproductive
and sexual health. This becomes fatal for their life.
Women still prefer midwife fro delivery. They do not go to doctors
North 24 Parganas
Area, Population & Sex Ratio
Geographical Area : 4094.0 Km2
Population in North Twenty Four Parganas (Census 2011)
Under 6 population
Total : 902644
Male : 463502
Female : 439142
Total disabled population : 201594
In seeing : 97983
In speech : 16128
In hearing : 12407
In movement : 39844
Mental : 35232
Rank ( VoiceOfBharat.org Analysis
North 24 Parganas District : VoiceOfBharat.org Analysis
Backwardness : 294
Sex Ratio Rank : 228 (Rank one is least sex ratio - Cenus 2001)
HIV Category District : C (HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 - 2006)
Disability : 2 (Census 2001)
Literacy Ratio : 73 (Census 2001)
Minority : Yes
Water : Occurrence of High Arsenic in Ground Water
Brief About North 24 Parganas District
As per the division of agro-climatic region made
by the Planning Commission,the district of north 24-Parganas falls
within the new alluvium sub-region of the lower Gangetic plain(Zone
lll).The annual rainfall in this district is 1,579 mm.The type of
soil varies from sandy to clayey loam,sandy loam being predominant.
Like in other parts of West Bengal the main cultivators in the district
are small and marginal farmers
Agro-climatic regional planning
As desired by the Planning Commission the agriculture
department has taken up the task of operationalisation of the agro-climatic
regional planning.The land in this district falls in the most fertile
tract of the state with neutral soil.But though there is no major
constraint on higher productivity,growing urbanisation and gradual
conversion of land for non-agricultural purposes is a major problem.
The availability of quality seeds in this district
is a major problem faced by farmers.Most of the poor farmers cannot
afford to buy certified seeds at very high prices which come from
other states such as Punjab,Haryana,Uttar Pradesh,Maharastra &
Orissa.Some of the hybrid seeds come from abroad also.To bridge
the gap between supply & demand the governmenthas adopted a
scheme of subsidised sale of quality seeds.
Lije seeds, fertilisers are also imported from
other states.Farmers pay a high price for fertilisers though availability
is major problem.The government provides a transport subsidy for
carrying chemical fertilisers to inaccessible areas & provision
is also made for subsidy on its price,so that small & marginal
farmers of inaccessible areas can avail of this costliest input.
A sea change has come about in the protection of
plants under the Integrated Pest Management Programme.Instead of
prescribing use of chemical pesticides,control measures such as
cultural,mechanical,varietal,biological & chemical have been
given priority.The high dose of chemical pesticides has resulted
in the resurgence of minor pests like Brown Plant Hopper in rice
& secondary outbreaks of leaf roller,rice hispa,earcutting caterpilla
& so on.
To increase the coverage & production of major
crops a detailed strategy has been chalked out at the state level
for different agro-climatic regions.Location-specific high yielding
varieties are promoted by the government to increase crop production.
Attempts are made to increase the kharif consumptionof fertiliser
in rice production as well as to bring about a more efficient use